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Thread: On This Day 26 July

  1. #1

    Default On This Day 26 July

    The naval Battle of Öland took place on 26 July 1789 during the Russo-Swedish War (1788-1790). Having assembled 21 ships of the line and eight large frigates under his flag, Prince Karl, Duke of Södermanland decided to intercept the Russian fleet near the island of Öland.

    The Swedish fleet came in contact with the Russians on 26 July 1789 just south of Öland. The Russians took the defensive position, with the Swedes making some indecisive attacks and firing at long range. Duke Karl would have won a signal victory but for the unaccountable remissness of his second-in-command, Admiral Per Liljehorn whose second division of the Swedish fleet did not reach the fighting in time, failing to follow orders to attack. Having met with strong resistance, the Swedes disengaged.


    For three days the fleets manoeuvred within sight of each other, but finally the Swedes retreated to the naval base at Karlskrona. The battle ended in a draw, but the Russians returned east.

    Admiral Liljehorn was put to trial, convicted and barely escaped death as his life was spared by the government.


    The rival fleets:

    Sweden

    Wladislaff 76
    Enigheten 74
    Götha Lejon 74
    Kung Adolf Fredrik 74
    Kung Gustaf III 74
    Louise Ulrika 74
    Sophia Magdalena 74
    Fäderneslandet 66
    Äran 64
    Dristigheten 64
    Dygden 64
    Försightigheten 64
    Hedvig Elisabeth Charlotta 64
    Manligheten 64
    Ömheten 64
    Prins Carl 64
    Prins Fredrik Adolf 64
    Tapperheten 64
    Rättvisan 62
    Wasa 62
    Riksens Ständer 60
    Gripen 44
    Uppland 44
    Euredice 40
    Fröya 40
    Galathea 40
    Minerva 40
    Thetis 40
    Zemire 40

    Russia

    Rostislav 100
    Dvyenadtsat Apostolov 100
    Knyaz Vladimir 100
    Iezekiil 78
    Kir Ioann 74
    Mstislav 74
    Pobyedoslav 74
    Prints Gustav 74
    Sv. Elena 74
    Sv. Petr 74
    Yaroslav 74
    Boleslav 66
    Deris 66
    Izyaslav 66
    Pamyat Evstafia 66
    Rodislav 66
    Svyatoslav 66
    Viktor 66
    Vysheslav 66

  2. #2

    Default

    An impressive list of battleships.

  3. #3
    Admiral of the Blue.
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    Another great piece of info Bobby. However, I can't see my Russian and Sweedish Navies ever being large enough to do that one.
    Rob.

  4. #4
    Ordinary Seaman
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    1812 - Frigate Essex captures British brig Leander.

  5. #5

    Default

    Quote Originally Posted by Anav View Post
    1812 - Frigate Essex captures British brig Leander.
    Leander was carrying was carrying a cargo of salt and coal from Liverpool to Newfoundland. Earlier on the 13th Essex had taken the brig Lamprey enroute to Halifax from Jamaica with a cargo of rum. Now that was a prize!

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