Bligh

Depictions of the ships behind the SoG-miniatures

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Océan / Montagne.


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Océan was a 118-gun first-rate three-decker ship of the line of the French Navy, lead ship of her class. She was funded by a don des vaisseaux donation from the Estates of Bourgogne.

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She was ordered as États de Bourgogne and was launched at
Brest in 1790. Like many French ships of the line during the Revolutionary period, she was renamed several times, becoming Côte d'Or in January 1793, Montagne in October 1793, Peuple on 17 May 1795, and a matter of weeks later again renamed, to Océan. She served until 1855




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A large model at the 1/16 scale can be seen at the
Musée de la Marine in Paris.




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Rear-Admiral Villaret-Joyeuse

As the largest ship of the line in the Brest fleet, the ship spent much of her early career as the fleet
flagship.
As Montagne, the ship was the flagship of Rear-Admiral
Villaret-Joyeuse in the Combat de Prairial (known in English literature as the Glorious First of June) in 1794.



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Combat de Prairial

She was badly damaged by the
HMS Royal Sovereign, losing 313 men and receiving 233 round shots in her hull.

On 17 May 1795, she was renamed Peuple; a month later, on the 23 of June she fought in the
Battle of Groix as Villaret's flagship.

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Peuple at the Battle of Groix.

The Battle of Groix was a large naval engagement which took place off the island of Groix on the Biscay coast of Brittany on 23 June 1795 (5 messidor an III) during the French Revolutionary Wars. The battle was fought between elements of the British Channel Fleet and the French Atlantic Fleet, which were both cruising in the region on separate missions. The British fleet, commanded by Admiral Lord Bridport was covering an invasion convoy carrying a French Royalist army to invade Quiberon, while the French under Vice-Admiral Villaret de Joyeuse had sailed a week earlier to rescue a French convoy from attack by a British squadron.


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Admiral Lord Bridport


The French fleet had driven off the British squadron in a battle on 17 June known as
Cornwallis's Retreat, and were attempting to return to their base at Brest when Bridport's force of 14 ships of the line appeared on 22 June.
Villaret, believing that the stronger British fleet would destroy his own 12 ships of the line, ordered his force to fall back to the inshore anchorage off Groix, hoping to take shelter in the protected coastal waters. Several of his ships were too slow however, falling behind so that early in the morning of 23 June the rearmost ships of his fleet were caught by the British vanguard, overhauled one by one and brought to battle. Although Villaret fought a determined rearguard action, three French ships were captured, all with very heavy casualties, and the remainder of the French fleet was left scattered across miles of coastline. In this position they were highly vulnerable to continued British attack, but after only a few hours engagement, concerned that his ships might be wrecked on the rocky coastline, Bridport called off the action and allowed Villaret to regroup inshore and retreat to
Lorient.
Although the battle was a British victory, there was criticism of Bridport's rapid withdrawal. British historians have subsequently considered that a unique opportunity to destroy the French Atlantic fleet had been lost. The invasion at Quiberon ended in disaster a month later, although Bridport remained at sea in the region until September. The French fleet by contrast was trapped in the port of
Lorient where food supplies ran out, forcing Villaret to discharge many of his ships' crews. As a result, most ships did not return to Brest until the winter and were consequently unable to threaten British control of the French coastline for the remainder of the year. Several French captains were court-martialed following the battle, with two dismissed from the Navy for disobeying orders.

As of the 30th of May Montagne was renamed Océan.

She was refitted in Brest in 1797.



In 1801, she once again served as
Villaret's flagship, ferrying troops of Leclerc's expedition to Saint-Domingue.

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Leclerc


Océan was
Allemand's flagship at the Battle of the Basque Roads.

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https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle...e_Basque_Roads


She was decommissioned on 2 August 1850, and used as a floating
artillery battery from May 1851.

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Class and type:
Océan class ship of the line
Displacement:
2 700 tonnes
Length:
65.18 m (213.8 ft) (196,6 French feet)
Beam:
16.24 m (53.3 ft) (50 French feet)
Draught:
8.12 m (26.6 ft) (25 French feet)
Propulsion:
sail, 3 265 m²
Complement:
1 079 men
Armament:



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Rob.

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