Bligh

Depictions of the ships behind the SoG-miniatures

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FRENCH FRIGATE COURAGEUSE.




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Courageuse was a 12-pounder Concorde class frigate of the French Navy. She was launched in 1778. The British captured her in 1799 and thereafter used her as a receiving ship or prison hulk at Malta before breaking her up in 1802.
The Concorde class was a type of 32-gun
frigate of the French Navy, designed by Henri Chevillard, carrying 12-pounder long guns as their main armament. Three ships of this type were built between 1778 and 1779, and served during the American War of Independence and the French Revolutionary Wars.


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The class is noteworthy for comprising a fourth unit,
Hermione, laid down in 1997 and launched in 2012; she is a replica ship of the Hermione of 1779, famous for ferrying General Lafayette and for her role in the Naval battle of Louisbourg


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under the command of Lieutenant
de Latouche, who would rise to become Vice-admiral Latouche-Tréville.



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Lieutenant de Latouche


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Vice-admiral Latouche-Tréville.


Career.


In 1790, under Captain de Grasse-Briançon, Courageuse was part of the Toulon squadron under Vice-admiral de Poute de Nieuil From 2 August, she ferried troops and civil commissioners to Corsica, and cruised in the area before making a port call to Ajaccio and eventually returning to Toulon on 30 October. In 1792, under Captain de La Croix de Saint-Vallier, Courageuse sailed off Smyrna, Saloniki and Tripoli, returning to Smyrna on 6 December. In January 1793, she escorted a convoy to Marseille, and from there returned to Toulon, arriving on 12 May.


Courageuse took part in the
Croisière du Grand Hiver in the winter of 1794-1795, under Captain Dalbarade.
She was part of the naval division under Rear-admiral
Renaudin, which arrived in Toulon on 2 April 1795.



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Rear-admiral Renaudin

In the summer of 1795, she was part of the station of the
Gulf of Roses, under Lieutenant Pourquier, supporting the Army of the Pyrenees in the Siege of Roses. On 9 July, she defended herself against a Spanish squadron, composed of 16 gunboats, supported by three frigates and two ships of the line. Courageuse, supported by artillery fire from French-held forts, successfully fended off the attack.


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In the fleet of Toulon, Courageuse took part in the
Mediterranean campaign of 1798; after the Battle of the Nile, she was armed en flûte and ferried supplies for the French Army in Egypt and Syria.
Under Captain
Trullet, Courageuse was part of the Syrian naval station under Rear-admiral Perrée.


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She ferried artillery and ammunition of the French Army besieging Acre; on 9 April 1799, she captured the British gunboat
Foudre.
HMS Centaur captured Courageuse in the Action of 18 June 1799.


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French sources report that Courageuse was used as a
prison hulk for French prisoners at Port Mahon.
British sources report that the British commissioned HMS Courageuse under Commander John Richards. She served as a receiving or prison ship at Malta where she was broken up in 1802.

Rob.

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