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Anav
12-03-2011, 09:37
1775 - Lt. John Paul Jones raises the Grand Union flag on the Continental Navy ship Alfred. It is the first American flag raised over an American Naval vessel.

Attila57
12-03-2011, 09:49
A great date to remember for US mates!

Attilio

crashx
12-03-2011, 09:52
Well done Lt. Jones!!! A great start to our history!!!

The Royal Hajj
12-03-2011, 11:10
Had I known this, I might have kept the site closed and opened it today!

Anav
12-03-2011, 11:17
Trust me, When the ship is ready to get underway, dont hesitate!

Capt P
12-03-2011, 15:06
As I told you on another thread YOU ARE THE MAN HERE

Anav
12-03-2011, 15:32
Just one of the crew.

Tommy Z
12-03-2011, 19:47
Here is the Grand Union:

183

& John Paul Jones!

184

Gunner
12-06-2011, 01:15
This is a great anchorage. I learn so many new things every day.

Bluedevil
12-06-2011, 02:46
Yes .. I love to learn about history...And looking at the picture of the man's statue I'm wondering if this is really a kind of 3d picture of him...did he really look like that or is there some "tweaking" of the sculptor involved?:confused:

Just wondering...The man looks like he means bussiness:)

Anav
12-06-2011, 16:02
Have no doubt, he was a killer. No humor intended.

The Cowman
12-06-2011, 18:57
Gives me chills when I think about it...

Anav
12-06-2011, 19:00
Good he was on our side

The Cowman
12-06-2011, 19:21
Yep....

Tommy Z
12-06-2011, 19:31
True Warrior.....always been a favorite of mine.

Coog
04-23-2012, 17:06
The Action of 23 April 1794 took place between a British squadron of five frigates under the command of Sir John Borlase Warren and three frigates and a corvette under the command of Chef d'escadre F. Desgarceaux during the French Revolutionary Wars. Three of the French ships were captured.

On 21 April the frigate Minerva 38 sighted four distant ships in the English Channel. The next morning, 22 April, Minerva met Warren's squadron, and passed this information on. Warren promptly set off in pursuit, and at dawn the next day, 23 April around 4 a.m., sighted three frigates and a corvette about seven or eight leagues (24.5–28 nautical miles) south-west of Guernsey. The French formed a line of battle, and Warren signalled his squadron to engage, with his own flagship Flora 42 in the lead, supported by Arethusa 44. Taking advantage of the weather gage the British were able to force the French into a close action which lasted for nearly three hours, before the Pomone 44 and Babet 22 surrendered at around 11 a.m.

The Engageante 36 and Résolue 36 attempted to escape, and Warren ordered Concorde 42, Melampus 42, and Nymphe 40 to pursue, as Flora was in no condition to do so. After an hour Concorde caught up with Engageante and attempted to disable her, intending to then attack the Résolue, leaving Engageante to Melampus and Nymphe, which were following.

However, while Concorde was engaged with Engageante, the Résolue dropped back and laid herself across Concorde's bows, badly damaging her sails and rigging to the point were she was disabled. Having made hasty repairs Concorde came up again to re-engage the Engageante, which eventually surrendered at about 1.45 p.m. Résolue fired a few shots and then made off, pursued by Melampus and Nymphe, who chased her into Morlaix, before returning to assist Concorde which was towing the crippled Engageante to port.

4365

Anav
04-24-2012, 12:02
1778 - The Continental Navy sloop Ranger captures HMS Drake.

Captain Jones led a daring raid on the British port of Whitehaven, 23 April, spiking the guns of the fortress, and burning the ships in the harbor. Sailing across the bay to St. Mary's Isle, Scotland, the American captain planned to seize the Earl of Selkirk and hold him as a hostage to obtain better treatment for American prisoners of war. However, since the Earl was absent, the plan failed. Several cruisers were searching for Ranger, and Captain Jones sailed across the North Channel to Carrickfergus, Ireland, to induce HMS Drake of 20 guns, to come out and fight. Drake came out slowly against the wind and tide, and, after an hour's battle, the battered Drake struck her colors, with three Americans and five British killed in the combat. Having made temporary repairs, and with a prize crew on Drake, Ranger continued around the west coast of Ireland, capturing a stores ship, and arrived at Brest with her prizes 8 May.

Coog
04-24-2012, 16:44
On 24 April 1798 the 36-gun HMS Phoenix, under the command of Captain Lawrence William Halsted, captured the French privateer Brave off Cape Clear. She was pierced for 22 guns and was carrying eighteen, mixed 12 and 18-pounders. Unusually for a privateer, Brave resisted capture, suffering several men killed and 14 wounded before she surrendered. Phoenix had no casualties and suffered trifling damage to her sails and rigging. Brave had a crew of 160 men and also some 50 English prisoners on board, none of whom were injured. Halsted described Brave as being "a very fine ship, of 600 Tons, is coppered, and sails exceedingly fast."[

David Manley
04-25-2012, 06:57
ARA Santa Fe disabled at Grytviken, South Georgia liberated, 30 years ago today :)

(OT for the Napoleonic Wars, but then again the historical discussion in the forum has gone rather wider that the Nappy period in recent weeks)

1229

1230

Coog
04-28-2012, 06:36
The capture of HMS Epervier was a naval action fought off the coast of Florida near Cape Canaveral on 28 April 1814, between the ship-rigged sloop of war USS Peacock, commanded by Master Commandant Lewis Warrington, and the Cruizer-class brig-sloop Epervier under Commander Richard Wales. The Americans captured the British vessel after a one-sided cannonade.

USS Peacock was one of a class of three heavy sloops of war designed by William Doughty. She sortied from New York on 12 March 1814 and having eluded the British blockade, delivered some stores to St. Marys, Georgia. The Peacock was then supposed to rendezvous with the frigate USS President, but the President had been unable to break out of New York. While waiting for the President to appear, Warrington cruised around the Bahamas, hoping to intercept British merchant ships sailing from Jamaica.

Early on the morning of 28 April, she sighted several sail to windward. They belonged to a small convoy that had sailed from Havana on 23 April, escorted by the Epervier. When the convoy sighted Peacock the merchant ships made all sail to escape, while Epervier prepared to engage.

The British vessel was more lightly armed than the American. Epervier carried sixteen 32-pounder carronades and two 18-pounder carronades as bow chasers. Peacock carried twenty 32-pounder carronades and two 12-pounder guns. The ratio of the vessels' broadsides was 256 pounds to 320.

As the two vessels made toward each other, the wind shifted to the southward, giving neither the Peacock nor the Epervier the advantage of the windward position. At about 10:20 in the morning, both ships fired their starboard broadsides on opposite tacks, aiming high to disable their opponent's rigging. Both vessels received damage aloft, after which the Epervier turned downwind and engaged the Peacock on a parallel course.

Peacock directed her fire against Epervier's hull with great effect. The British fire fell away rapidly, and Epervier probably scored no hits after the first broadside from the port battery. After 40 minutes, the Epervier was badly damaged, with 45 shot holes in the hull, and 5 feet (1.5 m) of water in the hold. Commander Wales summoned boarding parties to muster, intending to board and capture the Peacock, but his crew refused. At 11:05, the Epervier struck her colours. She had lost eight men killed and 15 wounded, about 20 percent of her crew.

The Americans repaired the damage to Peacock's within an hour. Peacock's first Lieutenant took charge of the prize and succeeded in preventing it from sinking; the prize crew had the brig ready to sail by nightfall. Epervier was found to be carrying $118,000 in specie, which was private rather than Government property.

The next day, The Americans sighted two British frigates. The Peacock successfully decoyed them away from Epervier and also herself escaped with the result that both vessels reached Savannah, Georgia a few days later. The Americans repaired Epervier and took her into the United States Navy as USS Epervier. Warrington set out again in the Peacock and made a successful raiding cruise in British waters, capturing 14 merchant vessels.

The victory of the Peacock over the Epervier was one of the most one-sided of the War of 1812, even though the two opposing vessels were not grossly disparate in strength. It was stated that although Peacock's fire had dismounted some of Epervier's carronades, more of them fell from their mounts when they were fired. Wales had carried out little of the gunnery practice that would have revealed defects in the guns or carriages before it was too late to remedy them. Wales had also reported disaffection and unrest among his crew and, unusually for the Royal Navy in the War of 1812, they failed in their duty to fight to their utmost. The court martial (on 20 January 1815) revealed that Epervier had the worst crew of any vessel on her station. In particular, her crew consisted mostly of invalids from the hospital.

Coog
04-28-2012, 06:45
The mutiny on the Bounty was a mutiny that occurred aboard the British Royal Navy ship HMS Bounty on 28 April 1789, and has been commemorated by several books, films, and popular songs, many of which take considerable liberties with the facts. The mutiny was led by Fletcher Christian against the commanding officer, William Bligh. According to most accounts, the sailors were attracted to the idyllic life on the Pacific island of Tahiti and repelled by the harsh treatment from their captain.

Eighteen mutineers set Lieutenant Bligh and 18 of the 22 crew loyal to him afloat in a small boat. Mutineers then settled on Pitcairn Island or in Tahiti. The Bounty was subsequently burned off Pitcairn Island to avoid detection and to prevent desertion. Descendants of some of the mutineers and Tahitians still live on Pitcairn island.

After Bligh and his crew of 18 made an epic and eventful journey in the small boat to Timor in the Dutch East Indies, he returned to England and reported the mutiny.

Coog
04-29-2012, 15:55
The Battle of Fort Royal was a naval battle fought off Fort Royal, Martinique in the West Indies during the American War of Independence on 29 April 1781 between fleets of the British Royal Navy and the French Navy. After an engagement lasting four hours, the British squadron under Sir Samuel Hood broke off and retreated. De Grasse offered a desultory chase before seeing the French convoys safely to port.

De Grasse ordered his fleet to prepare for action on the morning of April 29, and sailed for Fort Royal with the convoy ships hugging the coast, and the armed ships in battle line. Hood's fleet was spotted around 8 am, slowly bearing toward them, but de Grasse held the weather gage. At about 9:20, Hood was joined by the Prince William, a 64-gun ship that had been at St. Lucia. The two fleets then continued to maneuver for advantage, but Hood's leeward position meant he was unable to prevent de Grasse from bringing the convoy to harbor, and the meeting of de Grasse's fleet and the four blockaded ships. Around 11:00, de Grasse's van began firing at long range, with no effect. By 12:30 the two fleets were aligned, but de Grasse refused to take advantage of the weather gage to close with Hood, in spite of Hood's efforts to bring the French to him. The fleets then exchanged cannonades and broadsides for the next hour, but at long range, the damage incurred was modest. The four British ships on the southern end of the line suffered the most damage, since they were targeted by eight French ships. Hood finally drew away toward St. Lucia.

Hood dispatched the Russell, which had been holed below the waterline to St. Eustatius for repairs, and to bring news of the action to Admiral Rodney. Hood spent the next day in fruitless attempts to gain the windward, and eventually made sail to the north. He met Rodney on May 11 between St. Kitts and Antigua, the latter having left St. Eustatius on May 5.

Reports of French casualties vary considerably, from as few as 74 killed and wounded to more than 250.

Coog
04-29-2012, 16:07
At dusk on 29 April 1587 an English fleet under the command of Sir Frances Drake entered the Bay of Cádiz. There were at that precise moment sixty carracks (naus) and various smaller boats in the port . Further sightings revealed twenty French ships present in the bay, and other smaller vessels were seeking refuge in Port Royal and Port Saint Mary, which were protected by sand banks that the larger carracks could not cross. Juan de Vega, Mayor of Cádiz, sent word to Alonso Pérez de Guzmán, who arrived from Sanlúcar that night to take over the defence of the main square. The Spanish galleons, who in the absence of the Governor of Castile were under the command of Pedro de Acuña, sailed out to meet the English fleet but were forced to retire back to Cádiz before the superiority of the English. Gun positions on the shore opened fire, shelling the English fleet from the coast with little effect, but they managed to repulse an attempted landing by launches at El Puntal. During the night of the 29th and all the following day and night the battle raged in the bay. At dawn on the 1st May the English retreated having destroyed between 23 and 33 Spanish ships, with a combined weight of 10,000 tons. Furthermore, they had captured four other ships, laden with provisions.

Bligh
04-30-2012, 02:20
This is all a false roumour circulated by the decendants of the mutineers. I was a very humane captain by the standards of the times.
Bligh.

Berthier
04-30-2012, 03:35
Well, "almost" a French victory!

Coog
04-30-2012, 16:34
1789 – On the balcony of Federal Hall on Wall Street in New York City, George Washington takes the oath of office to become the first elected President of the United States.

1803 – Louisiana Purchase: The United States purchases the Louisiana Territory from France for $15 million, more than doubling the size of the young nation.

1812 – The Territory of Orleans becomes the 18th U.S. state under the name Louisiana.

csadn
04-30-2012, 17:13
Well, "almost" a French victory!

"Almost"? De Grasse accomplished exactly what he needed to accomplish -- get the merchies safely away. Meanwhile, Hood showed a complete lack of spirit and initiative. This one is a French victory, and there's no denying it.

Berthier
05-01-2012, 05:09
Hey Chris, sorry tongue in cheek, yes it was a great strategic victory!

Coog
05-05-2012, 07:58
On this day 5 May 1821 Napoleon dies in exile on the island of Saint Helena in the South Atlantic Ocean.

csadn
05-05-2012, 16:25
On this day 5 May 1821 Napoleon dies in exile on the island of Saint Helena in the South Atlantic Ocean.

A likely story.... :)

Coog
05-05-2012, 22:13
The British claimed he died of stomach cancer. There is a conspiracy theory that he was poisoned with arsenic.

Berthier
05-06-2012, 01:40
His father died of stomach cancer, there were indications prior to St Helena that Napoleon had stomach problems. The poisoning theory although not impossible, seems less likely if perhaps more "romantic" and befitting the legend.

David Manley
05-06-2012, 02:01
"conspiracy theory"

Never seen it billed as such, more a case of accidental poisoning as a result of arsenic in the wallpaper (it was used in green pigments of the time - a bizarre thought to us now, but no less bizarre than painting airships in aluminium based paint that was to all intents and purposes the same as the fuel used in a space shuttle's SRBs).

I suppose a "conspiracy theory" adds to the romanticism of the time, so it probably keeps some people happy :)

Berthier
05-06-2012, 03:19
The real problem with the arsenic theory is no=one else got ill who stayed on the island with him and the arsenic in the wall paper would not have been confined to his room only. There were no reports of any of his "companions" with alimentary complaints and many lived to old age (eg bertrand who was at the exhumation of napoleon in 1840 died in 1844, aged 71, Montholon, the prime suspect as "poisoner" lived to 71 as well died in 1853)

Also (wikipedia)

There have been modern studies which have supported the original autopsy finding.[148] (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Napoleon#cite_note-cullen156-157) Researchers, in a 2008 study, analysed samples of Napoleon's hair from throughout his life, and from his family and other contemporaries. All samples had high levels of arsenic, approximately 100 times higher than the current average. According to these researchers, Napoleon's body was already heavily contaminated with arsenic as a boy, and the high arsenic concentration in his hair was not caused by intentional poisoning; people were constantly exposed to arsenic from glues and dyes throughout their lives.[note 11] (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Napoleon#cite_note-159) 2007 and 2008 studies dismissed evidence of arsenic poisoning, and confirmed evidence of peptic ulcer and gastric cancer as the cause of death.[150] (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Napoleon#cite_note-160)

David Manley
05-06-2012, 03:32
case closed, mi'lud

Coog
05-06-2012, 07:47
HMS Speedy,Commander Lord Cochrane commanding, was cruising off Barcelona at dawn on 6 May 1801 when a large enemy frigate was sighted. The frigate, a xebec-rigged vessel named Gamo, carrying 319 men, was armed with 8- and 12-pounder guns and 24-pounder carronades. This amounted to a total broadside of 190 pounds, more than seven times that of Speedy. Furthermore, Cochrane had only 54 men on board; the rest were serving as prize crews. Instead of evading the frigate, Cochrane closed on her, and at 9:30 a.m. Gamo fired a gun and hoisted Spanish colours. In return Cochrane hoisted American colours. The Spanish hesitated, allowing Cochrane to get closer, hoist British colours, and evade the first broadside. Gamo fired another, which Cochrane again evaded, holding fire until Speedy ran alongside and locked her yards in Gamo's rigging. Gamo attempted to fire upon her smaller opponent, but her guns were mounted too high and could not be depressed sufficiently, causing their shot to pass through Speedy's sails and rigging. Cochrane then opened fire with his 4-pounders double- and treble-shotted, their shots passing up through the sides and decks, killing the Spanish captain and boatswain with the first broadside.

Seeing their disadvantage the Spanish second-in-command assembled a boarding party, at which Cochrane drew off and pounded their massed ranks with shot and musket fire before drawing in close again. After having their attempts to board frustrated three times, the Spanish returned to their guns. Cochrane then decided to board the Gamo, and assembled his entire crew into two parties, leaving only the ship's doctor aboard. The British then rushed the Gamo, some boarding from the bow with faces blackened to look like pirates, the rest boarding from the waist. There was a hard-fought battle between the two crews, until Cochrane called down to the doctor, at the time the only person on Speedy, ordering him to send another 50 men over. At the same time he ordered the Spanish colours to be torn down. Thinking that their officers had surrendered the ship, the remaining Spanish seamen stopped fighting. The British had lost three men killed and nine wounded, while the Spanish had lost 14 killed and 41 wounded, a casualty list exceeding Speedy's entire complement. The British then secured the Spanish prisoners below deck and made their way back to Port Mahon. Stung that he had been beaten by such an inferior foe, the Spanish second-in-command asked Cochrane for a certificate assuring him that he had done all he could to defend his ship. Cochrane obliged, with the equivocal wording that he had "conducted himself like a true Spaniard". Cochrane was amused to learn that this certificate had later secured the Spanish officer further advancement. In 1847 the Admiralty awarded the Naval General Service Medal with clasp "Speedy 6 May 1801" to all surviving claimants from the action.

csadn
05-06-2012, 16:47
with the equivocal wording that he had "conducted himself like a true Spaniard".

Praise, Faint, Damning With, 1 ea. >;)

Coog
05-07-2012, 07:08
On this day 7 May 1779 USS Providence captured the brig HMS Diligent, 12 guns, off Sandy Hook. Providence was armed with 12 × 4-pounder guns and 14 × railside swivel guns. She fired two broadsides and a volley of muskets during the engagement and Diligent, with mast rigging and hull cut to pieces, was forced to surrender.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Providence_(1775)

Coog
05-10-2012, 06:27
On May 10, 1801, the Pasha of Tripoi declared war on the U.S., not through any formal written documents but in the customary Barbary manner of cutting down the flagstaff in front of the U.S. Consulate. Algiers and Tunis did not follow their ally in Tripoli. Yusuf Karamanli, the Pasha (or Bashaw) of Tripoli, had demanded $225,000 from the new Jefferson administration. (In 1800, Federal revenues totaled a little over $10 million.) Putting his long-held beliefs into practice, Jefferson had refused the demand.

In response, "Jefferson sent a small force to the area to protect American ships and citizens against potential aggression, but insisted that he was 'unauthorized by the Constitution, without the sanction of Congress, to go beyond the line of defense.'" He told Congress: "I communicate [to you] all material information on this subject, that in the exercise of this important function confided by the Constitution to the Legislature exclusively their judgment may form itself on a knowledge and consideration of every circumstance of weight." Although Congress never voted on a formal declaration of war, they did authorize the President to instruct the commanders of armed American vessels to seize all vessels and goods of the Pasha of Tripoli "and also to cause to be done all such other acts of precaution or hostility as the state of war will justify."

csadn
05-10-2012, 16:10
...and 200+ years later.... :P

Anav
05-10-2012, 16:13
Also:

‎1775 - Force under Ethan Allan and Benedict Arnold cross Lake Champlain and capture British fort at Ticonderoga, New York.
1800 - USS Constitution captures Letter of Marque Sandwich.

Coog
05-11-2012, 08:56
The Danish schooner The Alban was under the command of Lieutenant Thøger Emil Rosenørn when she encountered HMS Rifleman, an 18-gun Cruzier-class brig on 11 May 1811 near the Shetland Islands. The Alban was captured by the Danes from the British in 1810. Rifleman chased The Alban for twelve hours before she succeeded in capturing the Dane. The Alban was armed with 12 guns and had a crew of 58 men. She was three days out of Farsund, Norway, but had not captured anything.

According to Danish sources, Rosenørn fought bravely and when he saw that defeat was inevitable, he hacked away rigging and created holes in the hull before he surrendered. Even so, The Alban did not sink and the British took her back into service as Alban.

David Manley
05-11-2012, 15:28
11 May 1780. Capitulation of Charlestown, South Carolina to Vice-Admiral Arbuthnot and troops under General Sir Henry Clinton.

"The time has now come when it is equally the interest and duty of every good man to be in readiness to join the King's troops and assist them in establishing justice and liberty"

Proclamation to inhabitants of Charleston by Sir Henry Clinton, subsequently published in the London Gazette, 4 July 1780.

csadn
05-11-2012, 18:31
11 May 1780. Capitulation of Charlestown, South Carolina to Vice-Admiral Arbuthnot and troops under General Sir Henry Clinton.

"The time has now come when it is equally the interest and duty of every good man to be in readiness to join the King's troops and assist them in establishing justice and liberty"

Proclamation to inhabitants of Charleston by Sir Henry Clinton, subsequently published in the London Gazette, 4 July 1780.

The response of the locals has not been printed by historians, due to its extensive use of profanity and racial epithets. :)

Anav
05-12-2012, 08:49
1780 - Fall of Charleston, SC; three Continental Navy frigates (Boston, Providence, and Ranger) captured; and one American frigate (Queen of France) sunk to prevent capture.

Coog
05-13-2012, 07:34
The First Fleet is the name given to the eleven ships that sailed from Great Britain on 13 May 1787 consisting of 10 civil officers, 212 Royal Marines, including officers, 28 wives and 17 children of the marines, 81 free persons, 504 male convicts and 192 female convicts. Total free persons, 348; prisoners, 696. total 1044, to establish the first European colony in Australia, in the region which Captain Cook had named New South Wales. Orders-in-Council for establishing the colony were Issued in London on 6 December 1785. The fleet was led by Captain (later Admiral) Arthur Phillip. The ships arrived at Botany Bay between 18 and 20 January 1788. HMS Supply arrived on 18 January; Alexander, Scarborough and Friendship arrived on 19 January, and the remaining ships on 20 January. On 7 February 1788, after his commission as Governor was read, Phillip addressed some words to the first settlers:

" What Frobisher, Raleigh, Delaware, and Gates did for America, that, we are this day met to do for Australia, but under happier auspices. Our enterprise was wisely conceived, deliberately devised, and efficiently organised, the Sovereign, the Parliament, and the people united to give it their authority, sanction, and encouragement. We are here to take possession of this fifth division of the globe on behalf of the British people, and to found a State which, we hope, will not only occupy and rule this great country, but will also be the beneficent patroness of the entire southern hemisphere. How grand is the prospect which lies before this youthful nation !"

Coog
05-13-2012, 13:55
On this day 13 May 1846, the United States declared war on Mexico.

Friction between the United States and Mexico, aggravated by an ever-increasing American population in the southwest and admission of the Texas Republic into the Union, resulted in war. The Navy's Home and Pacific Squadrons blockaded the enemy's east and west coasts, seized numerous ports, and conducted amphibious operations. From the Gulf of Mexico, Commodore M. C. Perry, with small sidewheel steamers and schooners, fought his way up tortuous rivers to capture Frontera, San Juan Bautista and other enemy strongholds and supply sources. Sailors from the Pacific Squadron under Commodores John Stoat and Robert Stockton landed at Monterey, San Francisco, and San Diego, assuring success in the California campaign. Veracruz, key to ultimate victory on the Gulf, fell before a brilliantly executed amphibious assault planned by Commodore David Conner. Over 12,000 troops were put ashore with their equipment in a single day, and at the request of General Winfield Scott naval gunners and their heavy cannon landed. Joined by guns of the fleet and Army artillery, the naval battery pounded the enemy into submission, and opened the way for the capture of Mexico City.

Berthier
05-14-2012, 03:59
And what a good job they (The British Parliament) did too, otherwise I might be posting in French or Russian!

Coog
05-14-2012, 07:23
On this day 14 May 1747 the First Battle of Cape Finisterre saw 14 British ships of the line under Admiral George Anson attack a French 30-ship convoy commanded by Admiral de la Jonquière during the War of the Austrian Succession. The British captured 4 ships of the line, 2 frigates and 7 merchantmen, in a five-hour battle in the Bay of Biscay off Cape Finisterre in northwest Spain. One French frigate, one French East India Company warship and the other merchantmen escaped.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_battle_of_Cape_Finisterre_(1747)

Anav
05-14-2012, 16:56
Also:
1801 - Tripoli declares war against the United States.

csadn
05-17-2012, 18:10
...absolutely nothing happened.

;)

Berthier
05-18-2012, 04:04
But we cant deal with a void so:



1814 (http://www.brainyhistory.com/events/1814/may_17_1814_47089.html)
Denmark cedes Norway to Sweden (National Day)


1814 (http://www.brainyhistory.com/events/1814/may_17_1814_47090.html)
Norwegian constitution passed by constitutent assembly at Eidsvoll


1809 (http://www.brainyhistory.com/events/1809/may_17_1809_46398.html)
Papal States annexed by France


1804 (http://www.brainyhistory.com/events/1804/may_17_1804_45850.html)
Lewis and Clark begin exploration of Louisiana Purchase


1803 (http://www.brainyhistory.com/events/1803/may_17_1803_45732.html)
John Hawkins and Richard French patent the Reaping Machine


1794 (http://www.brainyhistory.com/events/1794/may_17_1794_44799.html)
Hard frost in southern New England


1792 (http://www.brainyhistory.com/events/1792/may_17_1792_44574.html)
24 merchants form New York Stock Exchange at 70 Wall Street


1787 (http://www.brainyhistory.com/events/1787/may_17_1787_44052.html)
English slave ship Sisters, from Africa to Cuba, capsizes


1756 (http://www.brainyhistory.com/events/1756/may_17_1756_41864.html)
Britain declares war on France (7 Years' or French and Indian War)


1750 (http://www.brainyhistory.com/events/1750/may_17_1750_41506.html)
Tax revolt in Gorinchem


1744 (http://www.brainyhistory.com/events/1744/may_17_1744_41151.html)
French army takes Austrian Netherlands


1742 (http://www.brainyhistory.com/events/1742/may_17_1742_41058.html)
Frederick great (Emperor of Prussia) beats Austrians


1733 (http://www.brainyhistory.com/events/1733/may_17_1733_40643.html)
England passes Molasses Act, putting high tariffs on rum and molasses imported to the colonies from a country other than British possessions


1712 (http://www.brainyhistory.com/events/1712/may_17_1712_39728.html)
Maximilian Emanuel of Bavaria honored as "sovereign of Netherlands"


1678 (http://www.brainyhistory.com/events/1678/may_17_1678_38397.html)
King Charles II and Louis XIV sign secret treaty


1673 (http://www.brainyhistory.com/events/1673/may_17_1673_38187.html)
Louis Joliet and Jacques Marquette begin exploring Mississippi


1672 (http://www.brainyhistory.com/events/1672/may_17_1672_38139.html)
Frontenac becomes governor of New France (Canada)


1648 (http://www.brainyhistory.com/events/1648/may_17_1648_37194.html)
Emperor Ferdinand III defeats Maximilian I of Bavaria


1631 (http://www.brainyhistory.com/events/1631/may_17_1631_36573.html)
Earl Johann Tilly attacks Maagdenburg


1630 (http://www.brainyhistory.com/events/1630/may_17_1630_36539.html)
Italian Jesuit Niccolo Zucchi, 1st to see 2 belts on Jupiter surface


1620 (http://www.brainyhistory.com/events/1620/may_17_1620_36184.html)
1st merry-go-round seen at a fair (Philippapolis, Turkey)


1579 (http://www.brainyhistory.com/events/1579/may_17_1579_35006.html)
Artois/Henegouwen/French-Flanders sign Treaty/Peace of Parma recognizing Spanish duke van Parma as land guardian


1544 (http://www.brainyhistory.com/events/1544/may_17_1544_34073.html)
Scottish earl Matthew van Lennox signs secret treaty with Henry VIII


1536 (http://www.brainyhistory.com/events/1536/may_17_1536_33896.html)
Anne Boleyns 4 "lovers" executed


1527 (http://www.brainyhistory.com/events/1527/may_17_1527_33684.html)
Panfilo de Narvaez departs to explore Florida


1525 (http://www.brainyhistory.com/events/1525/may_17_1525_33639.html)
Battle at Zabern: duke of Lutherans beats rebels


884 (http://www.brainyhistory.com/events/884/may_17_884_30752.html)
St. Adrian III begins his reign as Catholic Pope


352 (http://www.brainyhistory.com/events/352/may_17_352_30184.html)
Liberius begins his reign as Catholic Pope replacing Julius I


218 (http://www.brainyhistory.com/events/218/may_17_218_30093.html)
7th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet

Coog
05-18-2012, 08:30
On 18 May 1803 the 36-gun frigate HMS Doris, under the command of Captain Richard Harrison Pearson, captured the French naval lugger Affronteur, off Ushant. Affronteur was armed with fourteen 9-pounder guns and had a crew of 92 men under the command of Lieutenant de Vaisseau M. Morce André Dutoya. Capturing Affronteur required an engagement during which Doris suffered one man wounded, while Affronteur lost Dutoya and eight men killed, and 14 men wounded, one of whom died shortly thereafter. Affronteur became the hired armed vessel Caroline.

Anav
05-18-2012, 16:17
Also:
1775 - Benedict Arnold captures British sloop and renames her Enterprise, first of many famous ships with that name.

The First (US)

The first Enterprise, a British supply sloop, was captured 18 May 1775 at St. Johns, Quebec, Canada, by Col B. Arnold, named Enterprise, and armed for use on Lake Champlain.

On 28 August 1775, Enterprise and other vessels embarked more than 1000 troops as part of an expedition against St. Johns, Montreal, and Quebec. Though St. Johns and Montreal were captured, and Quebec was besieged, the arrival of strong British reinforcements forced the Americans to withdraw from Canada in the spring of 1776. Enterprise and the other craft sailed to Isle aux Noix in the Richelieu River where they waited while Arnold directed the building of a fleet at Ticonderoga and Skenesborough (Whitehall), and the British-built ships at St. Johns.

The battle was finally joined on 11 October 1776 at Valcour Island, near Plattsburg, N.Y. Arnold chose the site and deployed to await the British advance. Though markedly inferior in firepower, Arnold's fleet fought a valiant and effective action all day long, then slipped through the British line after dark. A running battle took place over the next 2 days, and resulted in the loss of all but five of the American ships. Enterprise and four others escaped to Crown Point, then sailed on to Ticonderoga. A tactical defeat, Valcour Island was nevertheless a great strategic victory for the Americans. Arnold and his little fleet so disrupted the British invasion into New York that it was nearly a year before the advance could be renewed. In that interval American troops were recruited an trained, and on 17 October 1777, under General Horatio Gates, defeated the British decisively at Saratoga, N.Y. This victory was a primary factor in bringing about the alliance with France, and bringing the powerful French navy to the aid of the Colonies.

During the British advance prior to the Battle of Saratoga, Enterprise was one of the five vessels assigned to duty convoying bateaux in the evacuation of Ticonderoga. The small American force was no match for the British fleet on Lake Champlain, and after two ships had been captured, Enterprise and the other two were run aground on 7 July 1777, and burned to prevent their capture.

csadn
05-18-2012, 22:06
Also:
1775 - Benedict Arnold captures British sloop and renames her Enterprise, first of many famous ships with that name.

One of all-too-many events for which he never received due credit, leading to his changing sides.

Anav
05-20-2012, 07:47
1801 - Four warships sent to Mediterranean to protect American commerce.
1815 - Commodore Stephen Decatur (Frigate Guerriere) sails with 10 ships to suppress Mediterranean pirate raids on U.S. shipping.
1844 - USS Constitution sails from New York on 'round-the-world cruise.

Coog
05-23-2012, 14:19
On 23 May 1813, the Virginia privateer schooner Roger departed Norfolk under Captain Roger Quarles, an experienced merchant seaman. The 188 ton vessel carried 14 guns and 120 men. Some days after leaving Norfolk, Roger and the schooner HMS Highflyer encountered each other and an indecisive, though prolonged, fight ensued. At the time of this encounter, Highflyer carried five guns and a crew of 50. After suffering the death of her captain, Lieutenant Theophilus Lewis, and two other men, as well as twelve men wounded (two of whom would die later), as well as damage to her sails, Highflyer was unable to pursue Roger as she sailed off.

Coog
05-23-2012, 14:49
William Kidd, the pirate Captain Kidd, was hanged on 23 May 1701, at 'Execution Dock', Wapping, in London. During the execution, the hangman's rope broke and Kidd was hanged on the second attempt. His body was gibbeted—left to hang in an iron cage over the River Thames at Tilbury Point—as a warning to future would-be pirates for three years.

csadn
05-23-2012, 16:18
William Kidd, the pirate Captain Kidd, was hanged on 23 May 1701, at 'Execution Dock', Wapping, in London. During the execution, the hangman's rope broke and Kidd was hanged on the second attempt. His body was gibbeted—left to hang in an iron cage over the River Thames at Tilbury Point—as a warning to future would-be pirates for three years.

Except he wasn't actually a pirate -- he was stunningly-unsuccessful (and unlucky) privateer; for all practical purposes, when he returned from his voyage with nothing to show his sponsors for it, he was judicially murdered so he couldn't name his backers.

Anav
05-29-2012, 14:46
‎1781 - Frigate Alliance captures HMS Atalanta and Trepassy off Nova Scotia.

After spending two days looking for her lost charge, Alliance continued on toward America alone. On 2 May, she took two sugar-laden Jamaicamen. Off Newfoundland Banks later that day, the frigate sighted, but escaped the attention of a large convoy from Jamaica and its Royal Navy escorts. Ironically, a few days before, the missing Marquis De Lafayette and her treacherous master had fallen prey to this same British force.

Almost continuous bad weather plagued Barry's little force in the days that followed until Alliance permanently lost sight of her two prizes on 12 May. During a tempest on the 17th, lightning shattered the frigate's main topmast and carried away her main yard while damaging her foremast and injuring almost a score of men.

Jury-rigged repairs had been completed when Barry observed two vessels approaching him from windward 10 days later but his ship was still far from her best fighting trim. The two strangers kept pace with Alliance roughly a league off her starboard beam. At first dawn, they hoisted British colors and prepared for battle. Although all three ships were almost completely becalmed, the American drifted within hailing distance of larger vessel about an hour before noon; Barry learned that was the sloop of war HMS Atalanta. Her smaller consort proved to be Trepassey, also a sloop of war. The American captain then identified his own vessel and invited Atalanta's commanding officer to surrender. A few moments later, Barry opened the inevitable battle with a broadside. The sloops immediately pulled out of field of fire of the frigate's broadsides and took positions aft of their foe where their guns could pound her with near impunity In the motionless air, Alliance - too large to be propelled by sweeps - was powerless to maneuver.

A grapeshot hit Barry's left shoulder, seriously wounding him, but he continued to direct the fighting until loss of blood almost robbed him of consciousness. Capt. Hoystead Hacker, the frigate's executive officer, took command as Barry was carried to the cockpit for treatment. Hacker fought the ship with valor and determination until her inability to maneuver out of her relatively defenseless position prompted him to seek Barry's permission to surrender. Indignantly, the wounded captain refused to allow this and asked to be brought back on deck to resume command.

Inspired by Barry's zeal, Hacker returned to the fray. Then a wind sprang up and restored the battered frigate's steerage way, enabling her to bring her battery back into action. Two devastating broadsides knocked Trepassey out of the fight. Another broadside forced Atalanta to strike, ending the bloody affair. The next day, while carpenters labored to repair all three ships, Barry transferred all of his prisoners to Trepassey which - as a cartel ship - would carry them to St. John's, Newfoundland, to be exchanged for American prisoners. HMS Charlestown recaptured Atalanta in June and sent her into Halifax.

Temporary repairs to Atalanta ended on the last day of May, and the prize got underway for Boston. After more patching her battered hull and rigging, Alliance set out the next day and reached Boston on 6 June. While Barry recuperated, her repairs were again delayed by want of funds. Lord Cornwallis surrendered his army at Yorktown, ending the war's last major action on land, but not the war, well before she was ready for sea. As had happened before, her restoration to service was hastened by decision to use the frigate to carry an important person to France. Lafayette - who had completed his work in America with a major role in the Yorktown campaign - arrived in Boston on 10 December 1781, wanting to return home. Even with the aid of the Marquis' great influence, a full fortnight passed before she could put to sea on Christmas Eve 1781.


And its my Birthday!!

Coog
05-29-2012, 15:22
The 28-gun HMS Carysfort under Captain Francis Laforey was cruising the Eastern Atlantic for signs of a French convoy when on 29 May 1794 lookouts sighted two sails ahead. Laforey immediately advanced on the strange sails, which were soon revealed to be the 32-gun French frigate Castor, Captain L'Huillier in command, towing a Dutch merchant ship. With Carysfort bearing down on him L'Huillier cast off the tow and prepared for battle, meeting the approaching British frigate with a broadside. The engagement was fought at close range and with little manoeuvering by either side, the ships exchanging broadsides for an hour and fifteen minutes before L'Huillier surrendered. His ship was heavily battered in the exchange, with the main topgallantmast knocked down and the mainmast and hull severely damaged. Carysfort suffered just one man killed and four wounded from the understrength crew of 180, while casualties were much heavier among the approximately 200 men aboard Castor, the French losing 16 men killed and nine wounded. The Dutch ship initially escaped, but was later captured and its value was eventually included in the prize money paid for Castor.

Laforey's success was considered impressive by historian William James, as his ship carried only 28 nine-pounder cannon in contrast with L'Huillier' 32 twelve-pounder guns and four 24-pounder carronades. Castor was also a larger ship with a slightly larger crew, and although L'Huillier and his men had only been aboard for ten days, the crew of Carysfort had only come together immediately before the cruise and had not had much longer to become acquainted with their vessel than the French crew.

Coog
05-29-2012, 15:26
HAPPY BIRTHDAY STEVE!

Berthier
05-30-2012, 04:59
Hey Happy Birthday Steve..something to celebrate on the site:)

Coog
05-30-2012, 05:47
The Treaty of Paris, signed on 30 May 1814, ended the war between France and the Sixth Coalition, part of the Napoleonic Wars, following an armistice signed on 23 May between Charles, Count of Artois, and the allies. It established peace between France and the United Kingdom, Russia, Austria, and Prussia, who in March had defined their common war aim in Chaumont, and was also signed by Portugal and Sweden. Spain signed later in July. Peace talks had started on 9 May between Talleyrand, who negotiated for the exiled Bourbon king Louis XVIII of France, and the allies of Chaumont, who had agreed to reduce France to her 1792 borders and restore the independence of her neighbors after Napoleon Bonaparte's defeat. The allied parties did not sign a common document, but instead concluded separate treaties with France allowing for specific amendments.

In addition to the cession of hostilities, the treaty provided a rough draft of a final settlement, which according to article 32 was to be concluded within the next two months at a congress involving all belligerents of the Napoleonic Wars. This provision resulted in the Congress of Vienna, held between September 1814 and June 1815. The preliminary conditions already agreed on in Paris were moderate for France to not disturb the re-enthronement of the returned Bourbon king: France' borders of 1 June 1792 were confirmed, and in addition, she was allowed to retain Saarbrücken, Saarlouis, Landau, the County of Montbéliard, part of Savoy with Annecy and Chambéry, also Avignon and the Comtat Venaissin as well as artifacts acquired during the war, while on the other hand she had to cede several colonies.

To distinguish this agreement from a second treaty of Paris, concluded on 20 November 1815 as one of the treaties amending Vienna, the treaty of 30 May 1814 is sometimes referred to as the First Peace of Paris.

Anav
05-30-2012, 16:13
Thanks!!

Coog
06-02-2012, 07:55
The naval Battle of Palermo took place on 2 June 1676 during the Franco-Dutch War, between a French force led by Abraham Duquesne and a Spanish force supported by a Dutch maritime expedition force. Largely because the Dutch and Spanish ships were at bay making repairs from earlier a battle, the French fleet destroyed four Spanish and three Dutch ships with fireships. This battle secured the supremacy of the French fleet for the remainder of the war.

1238

Coog
06-02-2012, 08:02
On 2 June 1805 the British surrendered the fortification at Diamond Rock to the French.

1237
The Battle of Diamond Rock took place between 31 May and 2 June 1805 during the Napoleonic Wars. It was an attempt by Franco-Spanish force despatched under Captain Julien Cosmao to retake Diamond Rock, at the entrance to the bay leading to Fort-de-France, from the British forces that had occupied it over a year before.

The French in Martinique had been unable to oust the defenders from the strategically important rock, and the British garrison was able to control access to Fort de France bay, firing on ships attempting to enter it with guns they had placed on the cliffs. The arrival of a large combined Franco-Spanish fleet in May changed the strategic situation. The French commander, Pierre de Villeneuve had orders to attack British possessions in the Caribbean, but instead waited at Martinique for clearer instructions. He was finally persuaded to authorise an assault on the British position, and a Franco-Spanish flotilla was despatched to storm the rock. Already short of water, the defenders held on in the summit for several days, while the French, who had forgotten to bring scaling ladders, could make little headway.

The British, short of both water and ammunition, eventually negotiated the surrender of the rock after several days under fire. The British commander was subsequently tried by court martial for loss of his 'ship' after repatriation, and honourably acquitted.

Anav
06-03-2012, 10:05
1785 - Order received to sell last ship remaining in Continental Navy, frigate Alliance. No other Navy were ships authorized until 1794.

csadn
06-03-2012, 15:01
A pity Rudyard Kipling hadn't come along 100 years earlier; then this stupidity wouldn't have occurred. (One word: "Danegeld".)

Coog
06-03-2012, 22:33
A pity Rudyard Kipling hadn't come along 100 years earlier; then this stupidity wouldn't have occurred. (One word: "Danegeld".)

Danegeld, by Rudyard Kipling

IT IS always a temptation to an armed and agile nation,
To call upon a neighbour and to say:
"We invaded you last night - we are quite prepared to fight,
Unless you pay us cash to go away."

And that is called asking for Dane-geld,
And the people who ask it explain
That you’ve only to pay ’em the Dane-geld
And then you’ll get rid of the Dane!

It is always a temptation to a rich and lazy nation,
To puff and look important and to say:
"Though we know we should defeat you, we have not the time to meet you.
We will therefore pay you cash to go away."

And that is called paying the Dane-geld;
But we’ve proved it again and again,
That if once you have paid him the Dane-geld
You never get rid of the Dane.

It is wrong to put temptation in the path of any nation,
For fear they should succumb and go astray,
So when you are requested to pay up or be molested,
You will find it better policy to say:

"We never pay any one Dane-geld,
No matter how trifling the cost,
For the end of that game is oppression and shame,
And the nation that plays it is lost!"

Coog
06-04-2012, 13:10
On 4 June 1800 HMS Phoenix and HMS Port Mahon captured the French brig Albanaise. She was sailing from Toulon with provisions for Genoa when she encountered the Port Mahon, which initiated the chase about 35 miles west of Corsica. The chase lasted until early evening when Phoenix came up as Albanaise was just six miles out of Port Fino on Elba. Lieutenant Etiénne J. (or S.) P. Rolland fired two broadsides and then struck. (A subsequent court martial exonerated Rolland of the loss of his vessel.) HMS Haerlem shared in the capture, as did a number of other vessels in the squadron blockading Genoa.

The British took her into service as HMS Albanaise and commissioned her under the command of Lieutenant Francis Newcombe.

Anav
06-04-2012, 13:56
Also:
The Constitution got underway today to celebrate the Battle of Midway.
https://www.facebook.com/home.php?ref=logo#!/media/set/?set=a.10150824673516741.395983.131534206740&type=1

Coog
01-01-2014, 14:02
This thread is to tie all the daily event posts together in one post for each day. Each post will have links to the post(s) made by Anchorage members for that day. If you have a comment to make for a certain day, please use the original thread for that day. The goal is to arrange all the daily posts in consecutive order so that site members can easily reference them. If you find an event on a day where nothing was posted earlier, please make a separate thread and Eric or I will put a link to it in this thread.

Also, here is a link to a thread that has scenario ideas taken from this thread:

http://www.sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?1975-Scenario-Ideas-From-quot-On-This-Day-quot

Coog
01-01-2014, 14:04
1 January

The Action of 1 January 1800 was a naval battle of the Quasi-War that took place off the coast of present-day Haiti, near the island of Gonâve in the Bight of Léogâne.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?716-1-january

Coog
01-01-2014, 14:05
2 January

USS Washington (1814)

USS Independence (1814)

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?717-2-January


On 2 January 1783, HMS Magicienne, met the Sibylle. The ships fought inconclusively, reducing each other to wrecks before parting.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?2014-On-This-Day-2-January&p=25735#post25735

Coog
01-01-2014, 14:33
3 January

-Reserved-

Coog
01-01-2014, 15:00
4 January

-Reserved-

Coog
01-01-2014, 15:00
5 January

The first Continental Navy Squadron ordered to Sea

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?718-5-January

Coog
01-01-2014, 18:19
6 January

-Reserved-

Coog
01-01-2014, 18:19
7 January

-Reserved-

Coog
01-01-2014, 18:20
8 January

-Reserved-

Coog
01-01-2014, 18:24
9 January

-Reserved-

Coog
01-01-2014, 18:25
10 January

-Reserved-

Coog
01-11-2014, 01:07
11 January

-Reserved-

Coog
01-12-2014, 00:36
12 January

USS Chesapeake captured British Merchant Volunteer

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?723-January-12th


The Action of 12–17 January 1640 was a naval battle between a Dutch fleet and a combined Spanish-Portuguese fleet during the Eighty Years' War.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?724-On-This-Day-12-January

Coog
01-12-2014, 19:35
13 January

The Action of 13 January 1797 was a small naval battle fought between a French ship of the line and two British frigates off the coast of Brittany during the French Revolutionary Wars.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?725-On-This-Day-13-January

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?292-January-13

Coog
01-12-2014, 19:45
14 January

U.S. frigate Chesapeake captures British brig Hero.

The capture of USS President was the result of a naval action fought at the end of the War of 1812. The frigate President tried to break out of New York Harbor, but was intercepted by a British squadron of four frigates and was forced to surrender after a battle with HMS Endymion.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?728-January-14th

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?293-January-14

Coog
01-12-2014, 22:00
15 January

-Reserved-

Coog
01-12-2014, 22:05
16 January

The Battle of Cape St Vincent, took place off the southern coast of Portugal on 16 January 1780 during the American War of Independence

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?729-On-This-Day-16-January

Coog
01-17-2014, 04:32
17 January

On 17 January 1813 the 32-gun frigate HMS Narcissus captured the brig USS Viper

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?730-On-This-Day-17-January


Battle of Cowpens 1781

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?2003-On-this-Day-January-17th-1781-Battle-of-Cowpens

Coog
01-17-2014, 04:32
18 January

-Reserved-

Coog
01-18-2014, 17:02
19 January

The Action of 19 January 1799 was a minor naval battle of the French Revolutionary Wars fought in waters of the Strait of Gibraltar, off Punta Europa.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?732-On-This-Day-19-January

Coog
01-18-2014, 17:03
20 January

-Reserved-

Coog
01-18-2014, 17:09
21 January

-Reserved-

Coog
01-18-2014, 17:11
22 January

The Action of 22 January 1783 was a single ship action fought off the Chesapeake Bay during the American War of Independence.

The Action of 22 January 1809 was a minor naval engagement fought off the Caribbean island of Guadeloupe during the Napoleonic Wars.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?734-On-This-Day-22-January

Coog
01-18-2014, 21:32
23 January

-Reserved-

Coog
01-18-2014, 21:33
24 January

-Reserved-

Coog
01-18-2014, 21:34
25 January

The Action of 25 January 1797 was a minor naval battle of the French Revolutionary Wars, fought in the Gulf of Cádiz.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?735-On-This-Day-25-January

Coog
01-19-2014, 13:19
26 January

-Reserved-

Coog
01-19-2014, 13:20
27 January

-Reserved-

Coog
01-19-2014, 13:20
28 January

-Reserved-

Coog
01-19-2014, 13:21
29 January

-Reserved-

Coog
01-19-2014, 13:21
30 January

-Reserved-

Coog
01-19-2014, 13:21
31 January

-Reserved-

Coog
01-19-2014, 13:25
1 February

France declares war on Great Britain and the Dutch Republic.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?313-On-This-Day-Feb-1st-1793


The USS Constellation vs La Vengeance, or the Action of 1 February 1800, was a single-ship action fought between frigates of the French Navy and the United States Navy during the Quasi-War.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?739-On-This-Day-1-February

Coog
01-21-2014, 10:26
2 February

-Reserved-

Coog
01-21-2014, 10:30
3 February

The Quasi-War (French: Quasi-guerre) was an undeclared war fought mostly at sea between the United States and the French Republic from 1798 to 1800. In the United States, the conflict was sometimes also referred to as the Undeclared War With France, the Pirate Wars and the Half-War.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?745-3-February

Coog
01-21-2014, 10:36
4 February

-Reserved-

Coog
01-21-2014, 10:36
5 February

-Reserved-

Coog
01-21-2014, 10:40
6 February

The Battle of San Domingo was a naval battle of the Napoleonic Wars fought on 6 February 1806 between squadrons of French and British ships of the line off the southern coast of the French-occupied Spanish colonial Captaincy General of Santo Domingo (San Domingo in contemporary British English) in the Caribbean Sea.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?316-On-This-Day-February-6th-1806

Coog
01-21-2014, 11:30
7 February

1800 - USS Essex becomes the first U.S. Navy vessel to cross the equator.

1815 - The Board of Naval Commissioners, a group of senior officers, is established to oversee the operation and maintenance of the Navy under the direction of the Secretary of the Navy.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?760-7-February

Coog
01-21-2014, 12:11
8 February

-Reserved-

Coog
01-21-2014, 12:13
9 February

The USS Constellation vs L'Insurgente, or the Action of 9 February 1799, was the first United States naval victory against a foreign naval vessel. A single-ship action fought between frigates of the French Navy and the United States Navy during the Quasi-War, the battle resulted in the USS Constellation's capture of L'Insurgente.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?762-9-February

Coog
01-21-2014, 19:48
10 February

-Reserved-

Coog
01-21-2014, 19:48
11 February

-Reserved-

Coog
01-21-2014, 19:48
12 February

-Reserved-

Coog
01-22-2014, 06:40
13 February

-Reserved-

Coog
01-22-2014, 06:46
14 February

The Battle of Cape St Vincent

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?322-On-this-Day-February-14th-1797

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?757-6th-the-14th-of-Feb-1797


John Paul Jones, while commanding the American vessel Ranger, receives the first official salute to the U.S. Stars and Stripes flag by a European country.

USS Essex becomes first U.S. warship to round Cape Horn and enter the Pacific Ocean.

USS Constitution captures the British ships Lovely Ann and Pictou.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?324-Also-on-this-day-Feb-14th

Coog
01-22-2014, 06:47
15 February

-Reserved-

Coog
01-22-2014, 06:56
16 February

Burning of the Philadelphia

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?778-Burning-of-the-Frigate-USS-Philadelphia-16-February-1804

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?331-Burning-of-the-Philadelphia


USS Constitution captures the British vessel Susannah.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?775-February-16th

Coog
01-22-2014, 07:00
17 February

Frigate HMS Cleopatra Captured

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?779-Feb-17th-1805-Frigate-HMS-Cleopatra-Captured

Coog
01-22-2014, 07:52
18 February

On 18 February, 1797, a fleet of 18 warships under the command of Sir Ralph Abercromby invaded and took the Island of Trinidad.

1800 - Nelson in Foudroyant, along with Alexander, Northumberland and Success, capture the French 74 Genereux

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?332-On-This-Day-18th-February-1797-1800


On 18 February 1846, Secretary of the Navy George Bancroft issued the General Order to change “Larboard” to “Port” for identification of the left side of a sailing vessel.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?780-18-February

Coog
01-22-2014, 08:04
19 February

-Reserved-

Coog
01-22-2014, 08:07
20 February

The British warships HMS Cyane and HMS Levant fought the USS Constitution on 20 February 1815 in mid-Atlantic.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?787-20th-February

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?336-20th-of-February

Coog
01-22-2014, 08:22
21 February

-Reserved-

Coog
01-22-2014, 08:27
22 February

On 22 February 1797, French forces landed at the bay of Carregwastad.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?794-22-February-The-Last-Invasion-of-Britain

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?337-On-This-Day-22nd-February-1797


1799 February 22nd - British brig-sloop Espoir vs. Spanish xebec Africa.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?795-1799-February-22nd-British-brig-sloop-Espoir-vs-Spanish-xebec-Africa


John Barry became first commissioned officer in the US Navy.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?337-On-This-Day-22nd-February-1797

Coog
01-22-2014, 09:01
23 February

The U.S. Navy Office of Purveyor of Supplies is established.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?798-February-23rd

Coog
01-22-2014, 10:15
24 February

On the 24th of February 1813, the USS Hornet engaged the HMS Peacock.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?799-On-this-day-24-February

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?341-Hornet-vs-Peacock

Coog
01-22-2014, 10:17
25 February

On the 25th of February 1667, Abraham Crijnssen captured the Fort Willoughby.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?803-On-this-day-25-February

Coog
01-22-2014, 10:18
26 February

On the 26th of February 1815, Napoleon escaped from his exile on the isle of Elba.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?804-On-this-day-26-February-Napoleon-escapes-from-Elba

Coog
01-22-2014, 10:39
27 February

On the 27th of February 1665, Vice-Admiral de Ruyter defeated the English at the Battle at Elmina, Gold Coast.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?812-On-this-day-27-February

Coog
01-22-2014, 10:42
28 February

On this day of 28 February 1758, the HMS Monmouth (64) and the HMS Swiftsure (70) captured the French ship Foudroyant (80) during the Battle of Cartagena.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?818-On-this-day-28-February


The USS Princeton Disaster of 1844 occurred on February 28 aboard the newly built USS Princeton when one of the ship's long guns, the "Peacemaker", then the world's longest naval gun, exploded.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?351-Feb-28th-1844

Coog
01-22-2014, 10:45
29 February

Boats from HMS Menelaus cut out the French brig St Joseph.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?352-On-This-Day-29th-February-1812-(and-1884)

Coog
01-22-2014, 17:10
1 March

During the early morning hours of the 1st of March 1799, the HMS Sybille, formally the French ship Sibylle, captured the French frigate Forte in the Bay of Bengal.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?822-On-this-day-1-March

Coog
01-22-2014, 17:13
2 March

On the 2 March 1783, the HMS Resistance captured two French ships off of Grand Turk Island.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?823-On-this-day-2-March

Coog
01-22-2014, 17:29
3 March

On 3 March 1776, the U.S. Continental Navy and Continental Marines, under the command of Commodore Esek Hopkins, performed the Marine’s first ever amphibious landing.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?832-On-this-day-3-March

Coog
01-22-2014, 17:32
4 March

On the 4th of March, 1778, Captain Samuel Chew lost his life in hand-to-hand combat while commanding the USS Resistance.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?838-On-this-day-4-March

Coog
01-22-2014, 17:35
5 March

On the 5th of March 1800, the HMS Phoebe, a 36-gun 5th rate, captured the Heureux, a 22-gun privateer.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?843-On-this-day-5-March

Coog
01-22-2014, 18:16
6 March

USS Enterprise captures four pirate ships in the Gulf of Mexico.

USS Monitor departs New York for Hampton Roads, Va.

Republic of Texas Schooner Liberty captures Mexican Schooner Pelicano

HMS Phaeton captured the French privateer Actif off Ushant

A squadron under Rear Admiral Keats launched a series of raids on the Spanish coast between Rota and Porta de Santa Maria, destroying many shore batteries

Winston Churchill first coined the phrase "The Battle of the Atlantic" with respect to the war between the convoys and U boats.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?367-March-6th

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?852-March-6

Coog
01-22-2014, 18:23
7 March

On March 7 1778, the U.S. frigate Randolph attacked the HMS Yarmouth, an uneven duel that resulted in significant loss for the Americans.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?857-On-this-day-7-March

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?368-On-This-Day-7th-March-1810-1941


On this day in 1810, Vice Admiral Lord Collingwood died at sea on board HMS Ville de Paris whilst on his way home to Great Britain on sick leave.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?368-On-This-Day-7th-March-1810-1941

Coog
01-22-2014, 18:26
8 March

On the 8th of March 1808, the HMS St. Fiorenzo concluded a three-day intermittent engagement with the Piémontaise, a French 40-gun frigate.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?864-On-this-day-8-March

Coog
01-22-2014, 19:57
9 March

On March 9 1797, the HMS St. Fiorenzo and the HMS Nymphe captured the French frigate Résistance and corvette Constance en route to Brest.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?871-On-this-day-9-March

Coog
01-22-2014, 20:47
10 March

On the 10th of March 1783, the final naval battle of the American War of Independence was fought off the coast of Cape Canaveral.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?874-On-this-day-10-March

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?375-March-10th

Coog
01-23-2014, 07:45
11 March

Acasta, Newcastle and Leander encountered Constitution and the prizes Levant and Cyane off the Cape Verde islands.

In 1854, March 11th saw the first deployment of an RN steam fleet

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?377-On-This-Day-11th-March-1815-1854


On the 11 of March 1787, Horatio Nelson wed Frances “Fanny” Nisbet on the island of Nevis.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?888-On-this-day-11-March

Coog
01-23-2014, 07:49
12 March

-Reserved-

Coog
01-23-2014, 07:53
13 March

On the 13th of March 1811, the Battle of Lissa took place between French, Italian, and British forces off the island of Lissa in the Adriatic Sea.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?899-On-this-day-13-March


On 13 March 1795 the 32-gun frigate HMS Lively captured the French frigate Tourterelle.

The anniversary of the battle of Lissa, 1811.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?378-On-This-Day-13-March-1795

Coog
01-23-2014, 08:47
14 March

On the 14th of March 1795, British, Neapolitan, and French ships concluded the naval Battle of Genoa off the coast of northwest Italy.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?903-On-this-day-14-March

Coog
01-23-2014, 08:51
15 March

On the 15th of March 1808, the French frigate Sémillante began an engagement with the HMS Terpsichore.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?908-On-this-day-15-March

Coog
01-23-2014, 10:18
16 March

On the 16th of March 1781, British and French ships fought the Battle of Cape Henry off the Chesapeake Bay, Virginia.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?910-On-this-day-16-March

Coog
01-23-2014, 10:42
17 March

On the 17th of March 1800, the HMS Queen Charlotte was destroyed by fire off the island of Cabrera.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?911-On-this-day-17-March

Coog
01-23-2014, 10:48
18 March

On the 18th of March 1799, the HMS Telegraph captured the French ship Hirondelle near Île de Batz.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?914-On-this-day-18-March

Coog
01-23-2014, 12:40
19 March

-Reserved-

Coog
01-23-2014, 12:41
20 March

On the 20th of March 1815, Napoleon returned to Paris from his exile on Elba.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?922-On-this-day-20-March

Coog
01-23-2014, 14:23
21 March

On the 21st of March 1800, the HMS Peterel captured two merchants, which were part of a larger convoy, off the coast of Marseille.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?927-On-this-day-21-March

Coog
01-23-2014, 14:25
22 March

On the 22nd of March 1820, U.S. Commodore Stephen Decatur died after dueling with James Barron at Bladensburg, Maryland.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?931-On-this-day-22-March

Coog
01-23-2014, 14:28
23 March

On the 23rd of March 1815, U.S.S. Hornet defeated HMS Penguin off Tristan da Cunha in the south Atlantic.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?939-On-this-day-23-March

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?385-March-23rd

Coog
01-23-2014, 16:02
24 March

Congress orders all Continental naval vessels and privateers home.

George Dewey is commissioned Admiral of the Navy.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?940-March-24th

Coog
01-23-2014, 16:04
25 March

On the 25th of March 1802, the Treaty of Amiens was signed.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?945-On-this-day-25-March

USS Essex takes the Peruvian corsair ship Nereyda.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?387-March-25th

Coog
01-23-2014, 16:08
26 March

On the 26th of March 1806, HMS Pique, formally the French ship Pallas, captured the French brigs Phaéton and Voltigeur.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?947-On-this-day-26-March

Coog
01-23-2014, 16:14
27 March

On March 27, 1794 President George Washington and Congress authorized creation of the U.S. Navy.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?952-On-this-day-27-March

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?392-March-27th

Coog
01-23-2014, 17:54
28 March

On the 28th of March 1814, HMS Phoebe (36) and HMS Cherub (18) captured USS Essex (36) and USS Essex Junior (20) at the port Valparaíso, Chile.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?958-On-this-day-28-March

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?396-March-28th


Essex becomes the first U.S. Navy vessel to pass the Cape of Good Hope.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?396-March-28th

Coog
01-23-2014, 18:46
29 March

-Reserved-

Coog
01-23-2014, 18:49
30 March

On the 30th of March 1800, three British ships attacked and captured the French Tonnant-class Guillaume Tell (80).

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?963-On-this-day-30-March

Coog
01-23-2014, 18:50
31 March

On the 31st of March 1813, Royal Marines from four British ships attacked and captured two batteries at Morgeon in the south of France.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?966-On-this-day-31-March

Coog
01-24-2014, 12:48
1 April

On the 1st of April 1797, during the French Revolutionary Wars, HMS Hazard captured the French privateer Hardi off of Ireland.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?972-On-this-day-1-April

Coog
01-24-2014, 14:28
2 April

On the 2nd of April 1801, the Battle of Copenhagen took place between British and Danish-Norwegian fleets.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?976-On-this-day-2-April


Navy frigate Alliance captures two British privateers, Mars and Minerva.

Construction of the first naval hospital begins at Portsmouth, Va.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?404-April-2

Coog
01-24-2014, 14:56
3 April

On the 3rd of April 1813, the British navy engaged American ships in the Battle of Rappahannock River, an inlet to the Chesapeake Bay.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?980-On-this-day-3-April


On 3 April, 1836 the Republic of Texas schooner Invincible sinks the Mexican schooner Montezuma.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?406-3-April-1836

Coog
01-24-2014, 22:33
4 April

On the 4th of April 1808, a battle broke out between forces of the British and Spanish navies near Cadiz.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?986-On-this-day-4-April


The Continental Navy frigate Columbus captures HM Tender Hawke; this is the first American capture of a British armed vessel.

Sailors and Marines from sailing sloop Plymouth, protect U.S. citizens at Shanghai.

Appointment of the first Civil Engineering Corps officer, Rear Adm. Mordecai Endicott, as chief of Bureau of Yards and Docks.

NATO is established.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?407-4-April

Coog
01-24-2014, 22:41
5 April

On the 5th of April 1805, the HMS Bacchante landed a shore party to capture a 40 foot tower armed with three 24-pound guns near Havana, Cuba.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?989-On-this-day-5-April

Coog
01-25-2014, 06:23
6 April

The Action of 6 April 1809 was a small naval battle fought between the French frigate Niémen and several British frigates.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?992-On-this-day-April-6th

Coog
01-25-2014, 06:29
7 April

The Action of 7 April 1800 was a minor naval engagement fought between a British squadron blockading the Spanish naval base of Cadiz and a convoy of 13 Spanish merchant vessels escorted by three frigates, bound for the Spanish colonies in the Americas.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?996-On-this-day-7-April


The Continental brig Lexington captures the British ship Edward.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?408-April-7th

Coog
01-25-2014, 06:34
8 April

On the 8th of April 1782, ships of the U.S. Continental Navy and Great Britain fought with each other in what is known as the Battle of Delaware Bay.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?999-On-this-day-8-April-the-Battle-of-Delaware-Bay

Coog
01-25-2014, 09:54
9 April

On the 9th of April 1799, HMS St. Fiorenzo and HMS Amelia engaged the French frigates Vengeance, Sémillante, Cornélie, and a gun vessel, as well as a gun battery protecting them.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?1010-On-this-day-9-April-Fighting-weather-batteries-and-ships

Coog
01-25-2014, 11:54
10 April

The French frigate Gloire was followed by the British frigate HMS Astraea and was ultimately brought to battle in a closely fought engagement.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?1014-On-this-day-10-April

Coog
01-25-2014, 12:16
11 April

On the 11th of April 1783, the Continental Congress proclaimed the cessation of arms with Great Britain.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?1030-On-this-day-11-April

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?414-April-11th

Coog
01-25-2014, 12:20
12 April

On the 12th of April 1782, British and French fleets fought the Battle of the Saintes in the West Indies

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?1040-On-this-day-12-April-The-Battle-of-the-Saintes

Coog
01-25-2014, 12:30
13 April

On the 13th of April 1796, HMS Indefatigable and HMS Révolutionnaire captured the French frigate Unité.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?1048-On-this-day-13-April

Coog
01-25-2014, 12:31
14 April

On the 14th of April 1793, Admiral John Gell’s squadron captured the French privateer Général Dumourier and her Spanish prize, the St. Jago.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?1054-On-this-day-14-April

Coog
01-25-2014, 13:13
15 April

On the 15th of April 1805, crewmembers of the HMS Papillon captured the Spanish privateer Conception off the west coast of Jamaica.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?1056-On-this-day-15-April

Coog
01-25-2014, 13:15
16 April

On the 16th of April 1797, the Spithead mutiny began as sailors from 16 ships of the Channel Fleet, under the command of Admiral Lord Bridport, responded to poor living conditions and low pay.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?1059-On-this-day-16-April-Mutiny-is-in-the-air

Coog
01-25-2014, 13:21
17 April

On the 17th of April 1780, British and French ships engaged in the Battle of Martinique in the West Indies.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?1065-On-this-day-17-April-Battle-of-Martinique

Coog
01-25-2014, 14:25
18 April

-Reserved-

Coog
01-25-2014, 14:31
19 April

On the 19th of April 1770, Captain James Cook, commanding the Endeavour, reached the south-eastern coast of Australia, being the first recorded Europeans to see eastern Australia.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?1077-On-this-day-19-April-Captain-Cook-and-Eastern-Australia

Coog
01-25-2014, 14:39
20 April

On the 20th of April 1792, Louis XVI of France declared war on the Habsburg monarchy of Austria, resulting in the French Revolutionary Wars.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?1085-On-this-day-20-April-France-declares-war


On this day, 20 April 1814 while in the Florida Strait, the 18-gun sloop-of-war USS Frolic encountered the British 36-gun frigate HMS Orpheus and 12-gun schooner HMS Shelburne.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?418-20-April-1814

Coog
01-25-2014, 15:16
21 April

On this day, 21 April 1782 the 74-gun Pégase was captured by the Captain John Jervis in the 80-gun HMS Foudroyant.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?419-21-April-1782

Coog
01-25-2014, 15:27
22 April

On the 22nd of April 1676, French and Dutch-Spanish fleets fought in the Battle of Augusta off the east coast of Sicily.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?1098-On-this-day-22-April-Battle-of-Augusta


Capt. John Paul Jones of Ranger leads a landing party raid on Whitehaven, England.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?420-April-22nd

Coog
01-25-2014, 15:59
23 April

The Action of 23 April 1794 took place between a British squadron of five frigates under the command of Sir John Borlase Warren and three frigates and a corvette under the command of Chef d'escadre F. Desgarceaux during the French Revolutionary Wars.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?1105-On-this-day-23-April-First-Action

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?422-Action-of-23-April-1794

Coog
01-25-2014, 17:17
24 April

The Continental Navy sloop Ranger captures HMS Drake.

On 24 April 1798 the 36-gun HMS Phoenix captured the French privateer Brave.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?423-April-24th

Coog
01-25-2014, 20:20
25 April

On the 25th of April 1607, the Dutch defeated the Spanish in the Battle of Gibraltar.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?1122-On-this-day-25-April-Battle-of-Gibraltar-1607


Anzac Day

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?1121-Anzac-Day-25th-April


ARA Santa Fe disabled at Grytviken, South Georgia liberated, 30 years ago today

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?424-On-This-Day-April-25th

Coog
01-25-2014, 20:22
26 April

On the 26th of April 1797, British ships, under the command of Captain George Martin, captured two Spanish frigates off the coast of Conil de la Frontera, Spain.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?1123-On-this-day-26-April

Coog
01-25-2014, 20:25
27 April

The Battle of Derne was a decisive victory of a mercenary army led by a detachment of United States Marines and soldiers over pirate forces along the Barbary coast nation of Tripoli during the First Barbary War.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?426-27-April-The-Battle-of-Derna-Begins

Coog
01-25-2014, 20:32
28 April

The capture of HMS Epervier was a naval action fought off the coast of Florida near Cape Canaveral on 28 April 1814, between the ship-rigged sloop of war USS Peacock, commanded by Master Commandant Lewis Warrington, and the Cruizer-class brig-sloop Epervier under Commander Richard Wales.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?429-On-This-Day-28-April


On the 28th of April 1789, Fletcher Christian led a mutiny against the HMS Bounty’s captain, William Bligh.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?1130-On-this-day-28-April-Mutiny-on-the-Bounty

Coog
01-25-2014, 21:06
29 April

On the 29th of April 1758, British and French forces engaged in the Battle of Cuddalore off the Carnatic coast of southern India.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?1133-On-this-day-29-April-Battle-of-Cuddalore-(1758)


The Battle of Fort Royal was a naval battle fought off Fort Royal, Martinique in the West Indies during the American War of Independence on 29 April 1781 between fleets of the British Royal Navy and the French Navy.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?430-On-This-Day-29-April

Coog
01-25-2014, 21:10
30 April

Congress Established U.S. Department of the Navy

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?1135-On-this-day-30-April-Congress-Established-U-S-Department-of-the-Navy


George Washington takes the oath of office to become the first elected President of the United States.

Louisiana Purchase: The United States purchases the Louisiana Territory from France.

The Territory of Orleans becomes the 18th U.S. state under the name Louisiana.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?431-On-This-Day-30-April

Coog
01-26-2014, 09:33
1 May

The Action of 1 May 1781 was a minor naval engagement nearly 210 miles off the Port of Brest in which HMS Canada, a 74-gun third rate of the Royal Navy chased, intercepted and captured the 40-gun Spanish frigate Santa Leocadia.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?432-On-This-Day-1-May

Coog
01-26-2014, 09:36
2 May

The Dos de Mayo of 1808, was a rebellion by the people of Madrid against the occupation of the city by French troops.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?1148-On-This-Day-2-May

Coog
01-26-2014, 16:25
3 May

On the 3rd of May 1810, the HMS Spartan engaged Neapolitan ships in the Bay of Naples.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?1150-On-this-day-3-May

Coog
01-26-2014, 17:16
4 May

HMS Belle Poule participated with HMS Alceste in an attack on Parenza (Istria).

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?1159-On-this-day-4-May-An-Interesting-Shore-Scenario-in-the-Adriatic

Coog
01-26-2014, 17:19
5 May

On this day 5 May 1821 Napoleon dies in exile on the island of Saint Helena in the South Atlantic Ocean.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?436-On-This-Day-5-May

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?1163-Napoleon-s-Death

Coog
01-26-2014, 17:33
6 May

The Action of 6 May 1801 was a minor naval engagement between the 32-gun xebec-frigate El Gamo of the Spanish Navy under the command of Don Francisco de Torris and the much smaller 14-gun brig HMS Speedy under the command of Thomas, Lord Cochrane.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?1171-On-this-day-6-May-a-British-Spanish-Tango

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?437-On-This-Day-6-May

Coog
01-26-2014, 19:06
7 May

On this day 7 May 1779 USS Providence captured the brig HMS Diligent, 12 guns, off Sandy Hook.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?438-On-This-Day-7-May

Coog
01-27-2014, 16:22
8 May

On the 8th of May 1807, boats from the 22-gun Laurel class sixth-rate post ship HMS Comus, cut out the Spanish San Pedro de Apostol from the harbor at Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?1174-On-this-day-8-May-a-cutting-out-expedition

Coog
01-27-2014, 18:20
9 May

On the 9th of May 1795, the HMS Melampus, under the command of Richard Strachan, partook in an attack on a French convoy in Cartaret Bay.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?1182-On-this-day-9-May-another-cutting-out-expedition

Coog
01-27-2014, 18:21
10 May

On May 10, 1801, the Pasha of Tripoi declared war on the United States.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?440-On-This-Day-10-May

Coog
01-27-2014, 18:38
11 May

The Danish schooner The Alban encountered the HMS Rifleman.

Capitulation of Charlestown, South Carolina to Vice-Admiral Arbuthnot and troops under General Sir Henry Clinton.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?441-On-This-Day-11-May

Coog
01-27-2014, 18:46
12 May

Fall of Charleston, SC; three Continental Navy frigates (Boston, Providence, and Ranger) captured; and one American frigate (Queen of France) sunk to prevent capture.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?442-May-12th

Coog
01-27-2014, 18:48
13 May

The First Fleet sailed from Great Britain on 13 May 1787 to establish the first European colony in Australia.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?443-On-This-Day-13-May

Coog
01-27-2014, 18:54
14 May

On this day 14 May 1747 the First Battle of Cape Finisterre saw 14 British ships of the line under Admiral George Anson attack a French 30-ship convoy commanded by Admiral de la Jonquière during the War of the Austrian Succession.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?444-On-This-Day-14-May


On the 14th of May 1814, Argentine and Spanish ships began a four-day engagement known as the Battle of Buceo.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?1189-On-this-day-14-May-and-in-other-parts-of-the-world

Coog
01-28-2014, 09:26
15 May

-Reserved-

Coog
01-28-2014, 09:29
16 May

The Little Belt Affair was a naval battle on the night of 16 May 1811. It involved the United States frigate USS President and the British sixth-rate HMS Little Belt, a sloop-of-war.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?445-On-This-Day-16-May

Coog
01-28-2014, 09:31
17 May

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?446-On-This-day-17-May

Coog
01-28-2014, 09:35
18 May

On 18 May 1803 the 36-gun frigate HMS Doris, under the command of Captain Richard Harrison Pearson, captured the French naval lugger Affronteur, off Ushant.

Benedict Arnold captures British sloop and renames her Enterprise, first of many famous ships with that name.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?447-On-This-Day-18-May

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?1199-On-this-day-18-May

Coog
01-28-2014, 09:46
19 May

On the 19th of May 1808, the HMS Virginie captured the Dutch frigate Guelderland.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?1201-On-this-day-19-May-a-British-and-Dutch-exchange

Coog
01-28-2014, 11:58
20 May

Battle of Minorca was fought between Great Britain and France.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?1204-On-this-day-20-May-The-Battle-of-Minorca


Four warships sent to Mediterranean to protect American commerce.

Commodore Stephen Decatur (Frigate Guerriere) sails with 10 ships to suppress Mediterranean pirate raids on U.S. shipping.

USS Constitution sails from New York on 'round-the-world cruise.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?448-May-20th

Coog
01-28-2014, 12:00
21 May

-Reserved-

Coog
01-28-2014, 12:04
22 May

On the 22nd of May 1812, the HMS Northumberland, under the command of Captain Henry Hotham, defeated the frigates Ariane (40) and Andromaque (40) in an engagement off the coast of Groix in northwestern France.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?1208-On-this-day-22-May-Watch-out-for-shallow-waters

Coog
01-28-2014, 13:12
23 May

On 23 May 1813, the Virginia privateer schooner Roger and the schooner HMS Highflyer encountered each other and an indecisive, though prolonged, fight.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?452-On-This-Day-23-May

Coog
01-28-2014, 13:16
24 May

-Reserved-

Coog
01-28-2014, 13:17
25 May

-Reserved-

Coog
01-28-2014, 13:19
26 May

On 26 May 1811, HMS Alacrity under Commander Nisbit Palmer, an 18-gun Cruizer class brig sloop, encountered the French brig-of-war Abeille, of twenty 24-pounder carronades, off Bastia, Corsica.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?453-On-This-Day-26-May

Coog
01-28-2014, 14:36
27 May

On the 27th of May 1793, an engagement took place between the HMS Venus and the Sémillante, 375 nuatical miles off the west coast of Spain.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?1219-On-this-day-27-May-HMS-Venus-engages-the-Sémillante.

Coog
01-28-2014, 15:19
28 May

The Glorious First of June Part 1 - On the 28th of May 1794, British and French forces engaged in what was a multi-day fight culminating in the battle known as The Glorious First of June.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?1222-On-this-day-28-May-The-Glorious-First-of-June-Part-1

Coog
01-28-2014, 15:21
29 May

The Glorious First of June Part 2.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?1225-On-this-day-29-May-The-Glorious-First-of-June-Part-2


Frigate Alliance captures HMS Atalanta and Trepassy off Nova Scotia.

HMS Carysfort cruising the Eastern Atlantic for signs of a French convoy when on 29 May 1794 when lookouts sighted two sails which were soon revealed to be the 32-gun French frigate Castor towing a Dutch merchant ship.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?454-May-29th

Coog
01-28-2014, 16:24
30 May

The Glorious First of June Pt 3

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?1227-On-this-day-30-May-The-Glorious-First-of-June-Pt-3-amp-The-Battle-of-Big-Sandy-Creek



The Treaty of Paris, signed on 30 May 1814, ended the war between France and the Sixth Coalition, part of the Napoleonic Wars, following an armistice signed on 23 May between Charles, Count of Artois, and the allies.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?455-On-This-Day-30-May

Coog
01-28-2014, 16:32
31 May

The Glorious First of June Pt 4

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?1233-On-this-day-31-May-The-Glorious-First-of-June-Pt-4-and-a-Battle-of-Boats

Coog
01-28-2014, 16:48
1 June

The Glorious First of June Pt 5 - On the 1st of June 1794, the fleets of Admirals Howe and Villaret de Joyeuse engaged in the battle known as the Glorious First of June, Third Battle of Ushant, Bataille du 13 prairial an 2, or Combat de Prairial.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?1237-On-this-day-1-June-The-Glorious-First-of-June-Pt-5-The-Battle&highlight=june


The Glorious First of June (also known as the Third Battle of Ushant, and in France as the Bataille du 13 prairial an 2 or Combat de Prairial) of 1794 was the first and largest fleet action of the naval conflict between the Kingdom of Great Britain and the First French Republic during the French Revolutionary Wars.

On June 1, 1812, President James Madison sent a message to the Congress recounting American grievances against Great Britain, though not specifically calling for a declaration of war.

The Capture of USS Chesapeake, or the Battle of Boston Harbor, was fought on 1 June 1813, between HMS Shannon and the USS Chesapeake, as part of the War of 1812.

At 1030 on 1 June 1780, USS Trumbull's masthead lookout sighted a sail to windward what soon proved to be the British 32-gun letter-of-marque Watt.

And of great importance on 1 June 1495 Friar John Cor records making the first known batch of scotch whisky.


http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?456-On-This-Day-1-June

Coog
01-28-2014, 17:53
2 June

The naval Battle of Palermo took place on 2 June 1676 during the Franco-Dutch War, between a French force led by Abraham Duquesne and a Spanish force supported by a Dutch maritime expedition force.

On 2 June 1805 the British surrendered the fortification at Diamond Rock to the French.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?457-On-This-Day-2-June


2 Jun 1814 : USS Wasp captured British bark Neptune.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?1239-June-2nd

Coog
01-28-2014, 18:01
3 June

Order received to sell last ship remaining in Continental Navy, frigate Alliance.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?458-June-3rd

Coog
01-28-2014, 18:06
4 June

On 4 June 1800 HMS Phoenix and HMS Port Mahon captured the French brig Albanaise.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?459-On-This-Day-4-June


On the 4th of June 1805, a shore party of 50 men of the HMS Loire, prepared to land at Muros, Spain, as the Loire prepared to engage a French privateer that was fitting out in the bay.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?1244-On-this-day-4-June-A-Shore-Party-in-Spain

Coog
01-28-2014, 19:48
5 June

On the 5th of June 1807, the HMS Pomone (38), under the command of Captain Robert Barrie, engaged a convoy off the coast of France.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?1249-On-this-day-5-June-A-Cutting-Out-Expedition


First officers of the U.S. Navy under the Constitution are appointed.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?460-June-5th

Coog
01-28-2014, 19:50
6 June

On this day 6 June - D-Day

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?1256-On-this-day-6-June-D-Day

Coog
01-28-2014, 19:56
7 June

The 1692 Jamaica earthquake struck Port Royal, Jamaica on June 7 and caused most of the city to sink below sea level and about 2,000 people died as a result of the earthquake and the following tsunami. About 3000 people died in the days following the earthquakes due to injuries and disease.

The naval Battle of Solebay took place on 7 June 1672 and was the first naval battle of the Third Anglo-Dutch War.

The First Battle of Schooneveld, a naval battle of the Franco-Dutch War, fought off the coast of the Netherlands on 7 June 1673 between an allied Anglo-French fleet and the fleet of the United Provinces.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?461-On-This-Day-7-June

Coog
01-28-2014, 20:43
8 June

On 8 June,1796 the French frigate Tribune, and her remaining two companions, the frigate Tamise and the corvette Legere, were sailing off the south coast of Ireland. At daybreak the British frigates Unicorn and Santa Margarita spotted the three French vessels and proceeded to chase them.

The Action of 8 June 1755 was a naval battle between France and Great Britain early in the French and Indian War. The British captured the third-rate French ships Alcide and Lys off Cape Race, Newfoundland in the Gulf of St. Lawrence.

On 8 June 1761 Belle Île was captured.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?462-On-This-Day-8-June


Sloop-of-war Vincennes becomes first U.S. warship to circle the globe.

Commodore Matthew Perry arrives at Uraga, Japan, to begin negotiations for a treaty with Japan.

Congress authorizes the Office of Judge Advocate General.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?1263-June-8th

Coog
01-29-2014, 19:42
9 June

On the 9th of June 1667, the Raid on the Medway began, a multi-day battle between the Dutch and English navies.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?1273-On-this-day-9-June-Raid-on-the-Medway


On 9 June 1794 the 14-gun brig HMS Speedy, Commander George Eyre, ran into a French fleet.

The Gaspée Affair was a significant event in the lead-up to the American Revolution.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?463-On-This-Day-9-June

Coog
01-29-2014, 19:44
10 June

On 10 June 1805, wearied of the blockade and raids of the First Barbary War, and now under threat of a continued advance on Tripoli proper and a scheme to restore his deposed older brother Hamet Karamanli as ruler, Yussif Karamanli signed a treaty ending hostilities with the United States.

On 10 June 1854, the first class of the United States Naval Academy students graduate.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?464-On-This-Day-10-June


On the 10th of June 1772, the HMS Gaspée, under the command of Lieutenant William Dudingston, was boarded and burned by members of the Sons of Liberty.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?1279-On-this-day-10-June-the-Gaspée-Affair

Coog
01-29-2014, 19:45
11 June

The Battle of Machias (also known as the Battle of the Margaretta) was the first naval engagement of the American Revolutionary War.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?465-On-This-Day-11-June

Coog
01-29-2014, 19:56
12 June

The naval Battle of the Gabbard, also known as the Battle of Gabbard Bank, the Battle of the North Foreland or the second Battle of Nieuwpoort took place on 12–13 June 1653 during the First Anglo-Dutch War near the Gabbard shoal off the coast of Suffolk, England between fleets of the Commonwealth of England and the United Provinces.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?466-On-This-Day-12-June

Coog
01-29-2014, 19:58
13 June

On 13 June 1796, about 12 leagues south of Cape Clear, Ireland, the 36-gun frigate HMS Dryad captured the 38-gun French frigate Proserpine following a relatively brief chase but a bitter action.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?467-On-This-Day-13-June

Coog
01-29-2014, 20:38
14 June

On 14 June 1673 De Ruyter, reinforced by four ships (among which the heavy Oliphant and Voorzichtigheid) and fresh crews and fully resupplied, took advantage of a favourable northwest wind to attack the allied line.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?1290-On-this-day-14-June-Second-Battle-of-Schooneveld


On June 14, 1777, the Marine Committee of the Second Continental Congress passed the Flag Resolution which stated: "Resolved, that the flag of the United States be thirteen stripes, alternate red and white; that the union be thirteen stars, white in a blue field, representing a new Constellation." Flag Day is now observed on June 14 of each year.

On June 14 1789 HMS Bounty mutiny survivors including Captain William Bligh and 18 others reach Timor after the journey in an open boat.

And of great importance, on 14 June 1789 Whiskey distilled from maize is first produced by American clergyman the Reverend Elijah Craig.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?468-On-This-Day-14-June

Coog
01-29-2014, 20:41
15 June

The Rhode Island General Assembly appointed Abraham Whipple commodore of two ships fitted out for the defense of the colony's trade.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?1293-On-this-day-15-June


The USRC Ingham, under Captain Ezekiel Jones, was dispatched to the Texas coast to monitor Mexican seizures of Texan-owned and American-owned and flagged vessels and on 15 June 1835, near Brazos Santiago, the Mexican schooner Montezuma fired on Ingham and the fire was returned.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?470-On-This-Day-15-June

Coog
01-29-2014, 21:08
16 June

Cornwallis's Retreat was a naval engagement during the French Revolutionary Wars in which a British Royal Navy battle squadron of five ships of the line and two frigates was attacked by a French Navy battlefleet of 12 ships of the line and 11 frigates in the waters off the west coast of Brittany on 16–17 June 1795.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?1296-On-this-day-June-16-1795-Cornwallis-s-Retreat

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?471-On-This-Day-16-June

Coog
01-29-2014, 21:36
17 June

On 17 June 1794, as the 38-gun French frigate Sibylle was anchored in Miconi along with three merchantmen bound for Cadie, she was met with a British convoy escorted by the 50-gun HMS Romney, under Capt. Paget, and three frigates.

On 17 June 1799 the squadron, consisting of the 40-gun Junon, 36-gun Alceste, 32-gun Courageuse, 18-gun Salamine and 14-gun Alerte under Contre-Admiral Jean-Baptiste Perrée, while enroute from Jaffa for Toulon, was south of Toulon when it ran into a British squadron under the command of Captain John Markham of HMS Centaur.

On 17 June 1815, off the Algerian coast, the 38-gun frigate USS Constellation drove the 44-gun frigate Meshuda, the flagship of the Algerian Fleet, under the guns of Commodore Stephen Decatur's flagship, the 44-gun frigate USS Guerriere.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?473-On-This-Day-17-June

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?1300-On-this-day-17-June-the-Battle-off-Cape-Gata


USS Delaware enters drydock at Gosport Navy Yard in Norfolk, Va., the first warship to enter a public drydock in the United States.

USS Mohican burns Mexican pirate ship Forward.

Navy Hospital Corps established.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?1300-On-this-day-17-June-the-Battle-off-Cape-Gata

Coog
01-29-2014, 21:41
18 June

On 18 June 1812 the U.S. Congress declared war on the United Kingdom, formally starting the conflict.

On 18 June 1815 The Battle of Waterloo results in the defeat of Napoleon Bonaparte by the Duke of Wellington and Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher forcing him to abdicate the throne of France for the second and last time.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?474-On-This-Day-18-June


1812 - U.S. declares war on Great Britain for impressment of Sailors and interference with commerce.

1814 : USS Wasp captured British Brig Pallas .

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?1306-June-18

Coog
01-29-2014, 22:23
19 June

On 19 June 1793, as the 32-gun French frigate Cléopâtre sailed off Guernsey under Lieutenant de vaisseau Mullon, she encountered HMS Nymphe, under Captain Edward Pellew.

On 19 June 1808, off the Naze of Norway in the vicinity of the port of Kristiansand, the brig-sloop HMS Seagull, Commander Robert B. Cathcart, chased the Dano-Norwegian brig Lougen.

On the 19th of June 1815, a U.S. squadron, under the command of Stephen Decatur, defeated an Algerian brig off the coast of Spain.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?476-On-This-Day-19-June

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?1307-On-this-day-19-June-the-Battle-off-Cape-Palos

Coog
01-29-2014, 23:03
20 June

On the 20th of June 1783, British and French ships fought the Battle of Cuddalore off the coast of India in the Bay of Bengal.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?1313-On-this-day-20-June-the-Battle-of-Cuddalore


The Sack of Baltimore took place on June 20, 1631, when the village of Baltimore, West Cork, Ireland, was attacked by North African pirates from the North African Barbary Coast.

While Great Britain was at war with Spain in 1740, Commodore George Anson, in the 60-gun Centurion, led a squadron of eight ships on a mission to disrupt or capture Spain's Pacific possessions.

1813 - Fifteen U.S. gunboats engage three British ships in Hampton Roads, Va.

1815 - Trials of Fulton I, built by Robert Fulton, are completed in New York. This ship would become the Navy's first steam-driven warship.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?477-On-This-Day-20-June

Coog
01-30-2014, 08:58
21 June

On June 21 1655, ships from the Venetian and Ottoman navies battled in the vicinity of the mouth of the Dardanelles Strait.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?1315-On-this-day-21-June-the-Battle-of-the-Dardanelles


On 21 June 1749 Halifax, Nova Scotia, is founded. Halifax Harbour had served as a Royal Navy seasonal base.

On 21 June 1798, the packet Princess Royal engaged the privateer Avanture, of Bordeaux.

On 21 June 1804 HMS Hippomenes engaged a Guadeloupe privateer, the Buonaparte.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?478-On-This-Day-21-June

Coog
01-30-2014, 10:56
22 June

On the 22 of June 1807, the HMS Leopard pursued, attacked, and boarded the USS Chesapeake in search of deserters from the British navy.

On 22 June 1814 the 14-gun brig USS Rattlesnake, under the command of Lt. James Renshaw, was captured by the 50-gun British frigate HMS Leander.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?480-On-This-Day-22-June

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?1318-On-this-day-22-June-the-Chesapeake-Leopard-Affair

Coog
01-30-2014, 11:01
23 June

The Battle of Groix was a large naval engagement which took place off the island of Groix on the Biscay coast of Brittany on 23 June 1795 during the French Revolutionary Wars.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?481-On-This-Day-23-June

Coog
01-30-2014, 11:06
24 June

While off Minorca on 24 June 1795 HMS Lowestoffe, a 32-gun frigate under Captain Robert Middleton, and HMS Dido, a 28-gun Frigate under Captain George Henry Towry, encountered two French frigates, the 42-gun Minerve and the 36-gun Artémise.

On 24 June 1808 the 36-gun HMS Salsette, under Captain Walter Bathurst, captured a Russian cutter.

On 24 June 1800 near Gibraltar, the 74-gun HMS Swiftsure, under Captain Benjamin Hallowell, was sighted by a French fleet under Admiral Ganteaume. Swiftsure was overtaken by the faster French fleet, consisting of four ships of the line and a frigate.

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?483-On-This-Day-24-June

http://sailsofglory.org/showthread.php?1324-On-this-day-24-June-the-capturing-of-the-HMS-Swiftsure

Coog
01-30-2014, 12:34
25 June

-Reserved-